giovedì 30 gennaio 2014

Frasi chiavi per la lingua inglese. Nona Serie: Phrasal Verbs. Intermediate

Home || → 10ª Serie: Phrasal verbs 1
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Sommario: 1. Phrasal verbs: the basics. –  2.  Phrasal verbs: what they mean. – 3. Particle on phrasal verbs. -

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Phrasal verbs: the basics

1. Phrasal verbs are verbs that consist of a verb and a particle.
2. look up: You can look up any new words in your dictionary.
3. You can find the meaning of any new words in your dictionary.
4. get through: I tried to phone her but I couldn‘t get through.
5. I tried to phone her but I couldn’t get a connection.
6. make out: I just can’t make Jim out at all.
7. I just can’t understand Jim’s behaviour.
8. Particles are small words wich you already know as preposition or adverbs.
9. Here are some of the most common phrasal verb particles: about, (a)round, at, away, back, down, for, in, into, off, on, out, over, through, to, up.
10. You need to know the meaning of the whole phrasal verbs as a unit.

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Phrasal verbs: what they mean

A garden
1. Here are the most commons verbs that form part of phrasal verbs: break, bring, call, come, get, give, go, keep. knock, look, make, pass, pick, pull, put, run, set, take, turn.
2. The basic meanings in the verbs in fc2/1 refer to concrete actions, but when they are part of phrasal verbs, they often have abstract meaning too.
3. give: I gave my essay in yesterday.
4. Her parents finally gave in and let her go to the party.
6. Cover: She always felt overshadowed by her older, more successful, sister.
7. Cross: He overstepped the mark when he said that.
8. Will you be staying overnight?
9. Under- may indicate less than the desidered amount (a), or something below another thing (b), or some kind of negative behaviour (c).
10. Less: Don’t underestimate the time it will take.
A door
11. Less: The company is seriously understaffed.
12. Below: It’s quiet wet underfoot? Did it rain last night?
13. Below: The underlying question is a very difficult one.
14. Negative: I wish you would not undermine everything I do.
15. Negative: He did it a very in a very underhand way.
16. Up- can suggest a change of some kind, often positive.
17. The airline upgraded me to businnes class.
18. There has been an upturn in the economy.
19. Cross- (from across) usually indicates a link between two separated things.
20. Cross-border cooperation has led to a number of arrests of drug smugglers.
21. Cross-cultural misunderstanding often happen.

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Particle in phrasal verbs

A drink
1. A particle is either a preposition or an adverb.
2.You can create phrasal verbs by adding different particles to a basic verbs.
3. In some phrasal verbs the particle has a clear basic meaning.
4. Jack invited me out: let’s go out together.
5. Rosie invited me in: Please come in!
6. Jil invited me over: Come to our place.
7. Paul invited me round: Come to my house for dinner or a drink.
8. Mark invited me up: come upstairs to my flat.
9. Susie invited me along: come with us!
10. Bill invited me back: come back home with me.

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